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Commonly known as Sand Flies, Biting Midges are small flies renowned for their nuisance biting. The biting midges activity is similar to that of mosquitoes, in that they most commonly bite around dusk and dawn and are relatively inactive in windy conditions.

Midges prefer humid overcast conditions with minimal air movement and can penetrate regular insect screens.

Treatment and Control:

  • Midges breed in moist soils, which makes treatment near impossible
  • You can try and reduce adult populations by using organic or natural insecticides around the house such as Pyrethrum
  • Pyrethrum is available from most plant nurseries and hardware stores
  • Pyrethrum has little residual capacity, so regular (weekly) applications may be necessary

How to protect yourself from biting midges:

  • Avoid watering your garden at sunset, as midges are attracted to shady, humid areas
  • Increase air movement, this discourages midges from landing and biting
  • Spray residual insecticide on flyscreens
  • Where appropriate try to wear long sleeves, long pants, light coloured and loose fitting cloting around dusk and in high midge populations
  • Replace your outdoor lights with yellow "bug" lights
  • Reduce vegetation around the house
  • Mosquito coils or plug in insecticide burners may be necessary during periods of severe midge nuisance

Medical treatment should be sought if you or your family are experiencing discomfort as a result of midge bite.

For more information contact Council.